The material culture of the Mi’kmaq evolved from, and was suited to, using local materials to hunt, gather and survive in local conditions. Wigwams, canoes, clothing and many tools were fashioned from local supplies. The skills needed to make these things were essential for survival, and handed down from generation to generation through the teachings of elders.

Our ancestors were well adapted to their environments and in harmony with nature, allowing time to develop many art forms. Music, as an example, has always been and will continue to be important in our community.

Traditional spirituality and legends are also an important part of our culture. In 1610, Grand Chief Membertou was baptized into the Roman Catholic faith and since then many Mi’kmaq have combined traditional spirituality with Christianity.