History ~ Migration

Being adaptive and thriving in harmony with nature required our ancestors to be responsive to the environment. As seasons changed, so too did food supplies in various regions. The seasonal migration patterns were developed from traditional knowledge passed down over generations. That knowledge allowed our ancestors to arrive in an area when food was at its most bountiful.

The Mi’kmaq traveled inland during the winter months, where forests provided them not only with more shelter but the meat and hides of larger animals they could hunt in the forest. In the summer they preferred to camp along the shore, fishing and hunting smaller animals. Our ancestors knew when to arrive at the coast in time for hunting seals, when to get to rich rivers to in time for salmon runs or when to arrive at a bird colony in time to collect eggs. Extra food was gathered and given to members of their village who were not always able to get enough themselves.